Crankshaft position sensor

Crankshaft position sensor

This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (December 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

This article needs attention from an expert in WikiProject. The specific problem is: This article needs editing by an automotive engineer. WikiProject WikiProject (or its Portal) may be able to help recruit an expert. (January 2016)

Typical inductive crankshaft position sensor

A crank sensor is an electronic device used in an internal combustion engine, both petrol and diesel, to monitor the position or rotational speed of the crankshaft. This information is used by engine management systems to control the fuel injection or the ignition system timing and other engine parameters. Before electronic crank sensors were available, the distributor would have to be manually adjusted to a timing mark on petrol engines.
The crank sensor can be used in combination with a similar camshaft position sensor to monitor the relationship between the pistons and valves in the engine, which is particularly important in engines with variable valve timing. This method is also used to “synchronise” a four stroke engine upon starting, allowing the management system to know when to inject the fuel. It is also commonly used as the primary source for the measurement of engine speed in revolutions per minute.
Common mounting locations include the main crank pulley, the flywheel, the camshaft or on the crankshaft itself. This sensor is the 2nd most important sensor in modern day engines after the camshaft position sensor. When it fails, there is a probability the engine will not start, or cut out while running.[citation needed]


1 Types of sensor
2 Function
3 Bicycles
4 Notes
5 External links

Types of sensor[edit]
There are three main types of sensor commonly in use. The Hall Effect sensor, Optical sensor or the Inductive sensor.
Some engines, such as GM’s Premium V family, use crank position sensors which read a reluctor ring integral to the harmonic balancer. This is a much more accurate method of determining the position of the crankshaft, and allows the computer to determine within a few degrees the exact position of the crankshaft (and thereby all connected components) at any given time.
The functional objective for the crankshaft position senso